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We need a way to yield control of the main thread and schedule a
continuation in a separate macrotask. (This is related to some Suspense
optimizations we have planned.)

Our solution needs account for how Scheduler is implemented. Scheduler
tasks are not 1:1 with real browser macrotasks — many Scheduler "tasks"
can be executed within a single browser task. If a Scheduler task yields
control and posts a continuation, but there's still time left in the
frame, Scheduler will execute the continuation immediately
(synchronously) without yielding control back to the main thread. That's
not what we want — we want to schedule a new macrotask regardless of
where we are in the browser's render cycle.

There are several ways we could approach this. What I ended up doing was
adding a new Scheduler method `unstable_requestYield`. (It's similar to
the existing `unstable_requestPaint` that we use to yield at the end of
the frame.)

It works by setting the internal start time of the current work loop to
a large negative number, so that when the `shouldYield` call computes
how much time has elapsed, it's guaranteed to exceed the deadline. The
advantage of doing it this way is that there are no additional checks in
the normal hot path of the work loop.

The existing layering between Scheduler and React DOM is not ideal. None
of the APIs are public, so despite the fact that Scheduler is a separate
package, I consider that a private implementation detail, and think of
them as part of the same unit.

So for now, though, I think it makes sense to implement this macrotask
logic directly inside of Scheduler instead of layering it on top.

The rough eventual plan for Scheduler is turn it into a `postTask`
prollyfill. Because `postTask` does not yet have an equivalent for
`shouldYield`, we would split that out into its own layer, perhaps
directly inside the reconciler. In that world, the macrotask logic I've
added in this commit would likely live in that same layer. When the
native `postTask` is available, we may not even need any additional
logic because it uses actual browser tasks.
ca990e9

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React · GitHub license npm version CircleCI Status PRs Welcome

React is a JavaScript library for building user interfaces.

  • Declarative: React makes it painless to create interactive UIs. Design simple views for each state in your application, and React will efficiently update and render just the right components when your data changes. Declarative views make your code more predictable, simpler to understand, and easier to debug.
  • Component-Based: Build encapsulated components that manage their state, then compose them to make complex UIs. Since component logic is written in JavaScript instead of templates, you can easily pass rich data through your app and keep the state out of the DOM.
  • Learn Once, Write Anywhere: We don't make assumptions about the rest of your technology stack, so you can develop new features in React without rewriting existing code. React can also render on the server using Node and power mobile apps using React Native.

Learn how to use React in your project.

Installation

React has been designed for gradual adoption from the start, and you can use as little or as much React as you need:

You can use React as a <script> tag from a CDN, or as a react package on npm.

Documentation

You can find the React documentation on the website.

Check out the Getting Started page for a quick overview.

The documentation is divided into several sections:

You can improve it by sending pull requests to this repository.

Examples

We have several examples on the website. Here is the first one to get you started:

import { createRoot } from 'react-dom/client';

function HelloMessage({ name }) {
  return <div>Hello {name}</div>;
}

const root = createRoot(document.getElementById('container'));
root.render(<HelloMessage name="Taylor" />);

This example will render "Hello Taylor" into a container on the page.

You'll notice that we used an HTML-like syntax; we call it JSX. JSX is not required to use React, but it makes code more readable and writing it feels like writing HTML. If you're using React as a <script> tag, read this section on integrating JSX; otherwise, the recommended JavaScript toolchains handle it automatically.

Contributing

The main purpose of this repository is to continue evolving React core, making it faster and easier to use. Development of React happens in the open on GitHub, and we are grateful to the community for contributing bugfixes and improvements. Read below to learn how you can take part in improving React.

Code of Conduct

Facebook has adopted a Code of Conduct that we expect project participants to adhere to. Please read the full text so that you can understand what actions will and will not be tolerated.

Contributing Guide

Read our contributing guide to learn about our development process, how to propose bugfixes and improvements, and how to build and test your changes to React.

Good First Issues

To help you get your feet wet and get you familiar with our contribution process, we have a list of good first issues that contain bugs that have a relatively limited scope. This is a great place to get started.

License

React is MIT licensed.